PRINCIPLES OF SPORTS TRAINING
One of the definitions of sports training is one according to which sport training is a process pedagogical conducted systematically and continuously gradually adapting the human body to physical effort, technical, tactical and psychological intense, in order to obtain high results in one of the forms of practice competitive exercise.
Highlighting this principle was imposed as extending sports competitions and especially their installment due on the entire calendar year. Thus, the cyclical nature of the preparation was replaced with continuously. Some authors, still evoke cyclicality in principle acceptance of the repeat time of the competition and training, but international sports life imposed correlation between training and competition, that continuity that links training and conditioning the next contest. Increasing the frequency sports competitions, increase their difficulties caused increasing the role of pedagogical process of sports training, improving with the effects, especially on biological plan. Sportys altitude performance depended increasingly driving the innate and acquired qualities of the athletes, the number of driving skills, resulting in technical and tactical elements and processes most effective.
This aspect is aimed at the training lessons or, rather, suite lessons in composing a weekly cycle, a stage, a period with annual training cycle. So, the necessity of a succession of permanent training lessons sprang from knowing the laws bio – psycho – pedagogical skills training and development driving qualities of the athletes. Starting from this idea,scientifically grounded, according to which the mechanism of formation and improvement of driving skills as well as skills development driving reflexes are governed by temporary rules is essential to ensure continuity for sports training. Perfecting of morpho – functional characteristic of athletes are not won forever, but is reversible changes, because of the body;s ability to adapt to environmental conditions always on the move. If not repeat the efforts, creates a situation different from the previous one and the body will react in accordance with the new requirements. In the abscence of exercise that caused and maintained improvements do specific training, organs and body systems adapt to new conditions, functional capacity, structure and reducing their size to request the new lower to which they are subject.
Principle demands optimal and increase in increments of efforts
Putting into practice the principle of continuity requires and setting up a permanent activity of the athlete and making a sufficient number of repetitions of training means. In order to increase the level of training of the athlete is necessary amid ensure continuity of its activity, the coach and athlete to progressively modify the content and means of training exercises. Scientific research has shown that if the body is subjected to a stimulant that increases suddenly, beyond the limit, there is a weakening of the reaction. Thus, a weak effort by volume, intensity, length or structure, sportsman body responds appropriately, with a low Expenditures of energy. As the intensity increases stimulant, ie parameters values increase their effort in training, amplify the amount of energy that an athlete spends to respond appropriately.
When the coach exaggerated increase in effort and not getting an appropriate response from the athlete, it means that it has exceeded its readiness. The new effort, bigger, he can no longer adapt and willpower made great efforts to comply with the indications still expose it to exhaustion or overtraining. In case the organisms adapt progressively to excitation previous over – strong.